How a village that isn’t connected to the national grid, is using clean cooking, selling face masks and tested e-bikes.
A day in the life of a rural Cambodian, without productive power
At the end of 2020, the Ministry of Mines and Energy Cambodia and UNDP energized the remote off-grid village of Steung Chrov in Kampong Chhnang province, using Okra’s mesh-grid technology. Prior to the deployment, the people of Steung Chrov village paid up to $4 per kWh for diesel – which had to be brought in from the closest filling station 10km away – to fuel generators to charge batteries and power house lights. For cooking, they solely used firewood which required women to spend up to 20 hours a week chopping and retrieving said wood whilst men farmed rice, corn, peanut and sugarcane, and children went to the local community school where the teachers travelled in from the closest city, 20km away.
Once the Steung Chrov mesh-grid was running, the community received an assortment of clean cooking appliances that were financed by E4A; repayments are made through monthly instalments that are lumped together with energy bills. Currently, there are 24 rice cookers being used in the village and as a result, families are able to produce their staple food without burning wood. To eliminate the need for wood altogether, air pots (a type of kettle) were also provided as a substitute for boiling water over the fire.
New income opportunities
Maskhmer – a local Cambodian anti-pollution mask startup – recently started attracting more international clients and were looking for innovative ways to scale up production whilst providing valuable job opportunities to rural Cambodians, and so a match was made in heaven.
The Okra mesh-grid can output up to 1.2kW (sufficient power for a sewing machine) at each household, so instead of handing mask production to an urban factory, the team at Maskhmer partnered with Okra and taught the local villagers in Steung Chrov the necessary skills to run their own small-scale mask factories.
Go2 is a hop-on-hop-off e-bike rental service company with a goal to simplify intercity transport. After conducting initial market research surveys in Cambodia and discovering that the majority of households only have one mode of transport, they began investigating the potential to provide a pay-as-you-go mobility service in rural areas. Further market surveys indicated that 70% of rural households wanted to use Go2’s e-bike renting services, as long as it was easily accessible and affordable. And so another match was made in heaven; Go2 teamed up with Okra to pilot a last-mile e-bike rental service in Steung Chrov where the mesh-grid could provide enough energy to sustain an e-bike charging network. It was as simple as connecting one of their battery-swapping stations to a household in the mesh-grid.
The future of productive use
With ambitious partners and an ecosystem that is willing to adopt innovative technologies, a community has been given the opportunity to grow. We have seen yet again that entrepreneurship is alive in rural off-grid populations and productive use appliances are a key enabler to helping them drive socio-economic growth. Over the course of the next 12 months, we are looking forward to seeing the Steung Chrov Community expand its horizons find new ways to use energy for the good of everyone.
By creating a cost-effective way of energizing last-mile communities, places that would have otherwise been forgotten now have power now. And power changes lives.